• Poornima Ramasamy School of Nursing, University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, Eldoret, Kenya


A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of knowledge, attitude and practice of health care providers on non-pharmacological pain management and its barriers during labor using non-experimental cross sectional descriptive study design and used a structure questionnaire to collect data from a sample of the population. The tool consists of self-administer structured questions to assess the knowledge, three point Likert scale to identify the attitude and checklist to determine the practice and barriers for using non-pharmacological pain management during labor. The majority of the health care providers’ have inadequate knowledge regarding non-pharmacological pain management during labor. Health care providers have a positive attitude towards non-pharmacological pain management during labor. Most of the health care providers practice massaging, breathing exercise and encourage different laboring positions during labor. The main barriers were lack of time, lack of knowledge and patient unwillingness. The management of mothers’ pain in labor is uncomprehensive. Finally, the health care providers to expose their knowledge and training program of non-pharmacological pain management during labor.

Keywords: Knowledge; Attitude; Barriers; Health care providers,; Non-pharmacological; Pain management during labor


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How to cite this article:

Poornima Ramasamy, Arthur V.M. Kwena, Ashraf Emarah, Simon Kang’ethe; Medical education implication on knowledge, attitude, practices and barriers to implementation of non-pharmacological pain management during labor; International Journal of Nursing and Medical Science 2018; 7 (3),29-45.