COMPARATIVE PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF FRUIT OF DRAKSHA (VITISVINIFERA LINN) AND KAASHMARI (GMELINAARBOREA ROXB)

R.G. Raghi, Jollykutty Eapen

Abstract


Purpose

Pratinidhi Dravya- the rational substitution is a concept referred from Bhavapraksha written by Bhavamisra of 16th century A.D. The validation of these substitution pairs of drugs using both Ayurvedic principles and modern scientific tools is a necessity in present era as we are facing a tragic scarcity of quality drugs. This study compares one such Ayurvedic substitution pair:  Kaashmariphala (GmelinaarboreaRoxb).which is high yielding and easily propagatable for Drakshaphala (VitisviniferaLinn) .

Materials and Methods

Morphological rationale and phytochemical rationale for substitution were analyzed in this study. Methods were adopted according to API standards.

Result

Both shared some similar Morphological characters and phytochemical characters.  In HPTLC both showed bands with samerf (retardation factor) values, which indicate the presence of some similar constituents, which further proving similar karma (action).

 

Conclusion

Thus the rationale behind the statement “Drakshyadhinalabhyethapradheyam Kaashmariphalam” (fruit of Gmelinaarborea Roxb can be used as a substitute for fruit of Vitisvinifera Linn) of Bhavaprakasha is prooved.

Keywords: Prathinidhidravya, substitution pairs, Kaashmari, Draksha, VitisviniferaLinn, Gmelina arborea Roxb, Madhura Triphala

ABBREVATION

API- Ayurveda Pharmacopoeia of India

GA-GmelinaarboreaRoxb,

HPTLC- High performance Thin Layer Chromatography

RF- Retardation factor

TLC-Thin Layer Chromatography

USDA- United States Department of Agriculture

VV- Vitisvinifera Linn


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References


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