MD Hashmat Imam


Frozen shoulder is a common condition in which the articular shoulder capsule swells and stiffens, restricting its mobility. It is very common affecting up to 5% of the population. Key characteristics are gradual onset of shoulder stiffness, pain especially at night and restriction in movement of the shoulder. It is often a self-limiting condition, but can persist for years and may never fully resolve. It is generally diagnose clinically, or with the help of imaging technique such as X-ray, MRI etc. Conservative treatments include analgesics, oral steroids, and intra-articular corticosteroid injections. If symptoms persist despite conservative measures, the surgical options include manipulation under general anaesthesia and in some cases arthroscopy with surgical release of the tight structure. In this review article, we define frozen shoulder and review its pathologic and etiologic factors, epidemiology, natural history, diagnosis and management.

Keywords: Frozen shoulder, shoulder stiffness, epidemiology ,diagnosis and management, corticosteroid injections

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How to cite this article:

MD Hashmat Imam, Mohammad Ishtiyaque Alam, Anirban Goswami; A systematic review on frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis); Journal of AYUSH 2018:7(3) 101-112.


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